Tweaking Froyo for Nitrogen Part 3: housekeeping and custom WLAN

Published on August 31, 2010

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So far in this series of posts on Froyo, we've mostly ignored the fact that the Nitrogen board isn't a Freescale Babbage board. We generally have fewer stock peripherals and have left the configuration of those untouched. In this post, I'll walk through the removal of GPS, Bluetooth and GSM and update the wireless LAN driver to support a different adapter, a Unigen USB dongle.


Removal is fairly easy: just yanking the appropriate lines for the bluetooth, GPS, and GSM services. The following patch shows the pieces I pulled out:
diff --git a/imx5x/init.rc b/imx5x/init.rc
index a0de583..349f897 100755
--- a/imx5x/init.rc
+++ b/imx5x/init.rc
@@ -159,8 +159,6 @@ loglevel 3
 # create basic filesystem structure
     mkdir /data/misc 01771 system misc
-    mkdir /data/misc/bluetoothd 0770 bluetooth bluetooth
-    mkdir /data/misc/bluetooth 0770 system system
     mkdir /data/misc/keystore 0700 keystore keystore
     mkdir /data/misc/vpn 0770 system system
     mkdir /data/misc/systemkeys 0700 system system
@@ -302,9 +300,6 @@ on boot
 #   ReadMin, ReadInitial, ReadMax, WriteMin, WriteInitial, WriteMax,
     setprop net.tcp.buffersize.default 4096,87380,110208,4096,16384,110208
     setprop net.tcp.buffersize.wifi    4095,87380,110208,4096,16384,110208
-    setprop net.tcp.buffersize.umts    4094,87380,110208,4096,16384,110208
-    setprop net.tcp.buffersize.edge    4093,26280,35040,4096,16384,35040
-    setprop net.tcp.buffersize.gprs    4092,8760,11680,4096,8760,11680
 # Set property for FSL specific feature
 # Init second display connection state
@@ -384,18 +379,10 @@ on boot
     mkdir /data/misc/dhcp 0770 dhcp dhcp
     chown dhcp dhcp /data/misc/dhcp
-# Prepare for bluetooth
-    chmod 666 /sys/class/rfkill/rfkill0/state
-    chown bluetooth bluetooth /sys/class/rfkill/rfkill0/state
-    write /sys/class/rfkill/rfkill0/state 0
 # Enable USB remote wakeup
     write /sys/bus/platform/drivers/fsl-ehci/fsl-ehci.0/power/wakeup enabled
     write /sys/bus/platform/drivers/fsl-ehci/fsl-ehci.1/power/wakeup enabled
-# Prepare for RIL
-    setprop 15
     class_start default
 ## Daemon processes to be run by init.
@@ -432,18 +419,17 @@ service netd /system/bin/netd
 service debuggerd /system/bin/debuggerd
-service ril-daemon /system/bin/rild -l /system/lib/ -- -d /dev/ttyUSB3 -u /dev/ttyUSB0
-    socket rild stream 660 root radio
-    socket rild-debug stream 660 radio system
-    user root
-    group radio cache inet misc audio
 service zygote /system/bin/app_process -Xzygote /system/bin --zygote --start-system-server
     socket zygote stream 666
     onrestart write /sys/android_power/request_state wake
     onrestart write /sys/power/state on
     onrestart restart media
+service dbus /system/bin/dbus-daemon --system --nofork
+    socket dbus stream 660 bluetooth bluetooth
+    user bluetooth
+    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
 service media /system/bin/mediaserver
     user media
     group system audio camera graphics inet net_bt net_bt_admin net_raw
@@ -455,43 +441,6 @@ service bootanim /system/bin/bootanimation
-service dbus /system/bin/dbus-daemon --system --nofork
-    socket dbus stream 660 bluetooth bluetooth
-    user bluetooth
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
-service bluetoothd /system/bin/bluetoothd -n
-    socket bluetooth stream 660 bluetooth bluetooth
-    socket dbus_bluetooth stream 660 bluetooth bluetooth
-    # init.rc does not yet support applying capabilities, so run as root and
-    # let bluetoothd drop uid to bluetooth with the right linux capabilities
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin misc
-    disabled
-service hfag /system/bin/sdptool add --channel=10 HFAG
-    user bluetooth
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
-    disabled
-    oneshot
-service hsag /system/bin/sdptool add --channel=11 HSAG
-    user bluetooth
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
-    disabled
-    oneshot
-service opush /system/bin/sdptool add --channel=12 OPUSH
-    user bluetooth
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
-    disabled
-    oneshot
-service pbap /system/bin/sdptool add --channel=19 PBAP
-    user bluetooth
-    group bluetooth net_bt_admin
-    disabled
-    oneshot
 service installd /system/bin/installd
     socket installd stream 600 system system
@@ -533,13 +482,3 @@ service wpa_supplicant /system/bin/logwrapper /system/bin/wpa_supplicant
     socket wpa_wlan0 dgram 660 wifi wifi
-service pppd_gprs /etc/init.gprs-pppd
-    user root
-    group radio cache inet misc
-    disabled
-    oneshot
-service glgpsd /system/bin/glgps -c /etc/glconfig.xml normal
-    user root
-    group system
-    disabled
Because the init.rc file goes into the RAM disk, it requires not only a rebuild, but also the mkimage step. user@host:~/myandroid$ make PRODUCT-imx51_bbg-eng user@host:~/myandroid$ mkimage -A arm -O linux -T ramdisk -n "Initial Ram Disk" -d ~/myandroid/out/target/product/imx51_bbg/ramdisk.img ./initrd.u-boot Image Name: Initial Ram Disk Created: Tue Aug 31 08:55:23 2010 Image Type: ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed) Data Size: 212713 Bytes = 207.73 kB = 0.20 MB Load Address: 00000000 Entry Point: 00000000 Because we now have adb up and running, copying and re-starting is now a bit easier. No more fussing with SD cards! user@host:~/myandroid$ adb push initrd.u-boot /boot && adb shell 'sync && reboot' 530 KB/s (212777 bytes in 0.391s) Beyond the updates above, you can also reduce the footprint of the image by removing references to Bluetooth and GSM by editing devices/fsl/imx5x/
diff --git a/imx5x/ b/imx5x/
index 2a66124..3e7d910 100755
--- a/imx5x/
+++ b/imx5x/
@@ -16,16 +16,13 @@ TARGET_PROVIDES_INIT_RC := true
This change will require a full make PRODUCT-imx51_bbg-eng cycle to rebuild and may take a while. You should be able to update after this change by using adb sync.

Wireless LAN

Wireless LAN configuration is a bit more complicated. What we're trying to do is replace the Atheros AR6000 driver with the Unigen RTL8172 driver. To do this, we'll first need to trace the build dependencies for the Atheros driver. In device/fsl/imx51_bbg/, there's a first level reference to the Atheros driver: WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_PATH := "/system/lib/modules/ar6000.ko" WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_ARG := "" WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_NAME := "ar6000" WIFI_FIRMWARE_LOADER := "" The code for the Atheros driver itself is in external/fsl_imx_wifi_atheros/, and looking in that directory, we can find host/ #Android makefile to build kernel as a part of Android Build ifneq ($(TARGET_SIMULATOR),true) LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir) ATH_SRC := $(LOCAL_PATH) ATH_LINUXPATH := kernel_imx #export ATH_SRC_BASE=$(ATH_SRC) #export ATH_BUILD_TYPE=FSL_ARM_NATIVEMMC #export ATH_BUS_TYPE=sdio #export ATH_OS_SUB_TYPE=linux_2_6 #export ATH_LINUXPATH=kernel_imx #export ATH_ARCH_CPU_TYPE=arm #export ATH_BUS_SUBTYPE=linux_sdio export ATH_ANDROID_FW_PATH=yes #export ATH_EEPROM_FILE_USED=no #export ATH_SOFTMAC_USED=no ATH_HIF_TYPE:=sdio #ATH_SRC_BASE:= . mod_file := $(TARGET_OUT)/lib/modules/ar6000.ko $(mod_file) : cd $(ATH_SRC) && ./ 2 ${PWD}/$(ATH_LINUXPATH) cd $(ATH_SRC) && ./ 1 ${PWD}/$(ATH_LINUXPATH) mkdir -p $(TARGET_OUT)/lib/modules # $(MAKE) ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-linux-gnueabi- -C $(ATH_LINUXPATH) ATH_HIF_TYPE=$(ATH_HIF_TYPE) SUBDIRS=${PWD}/$(ATH_SRC)/os/linux modules $(ACP) $(ATH_SRC)/os/linux/ar6000.ko $(TARGET_OUT)/lib/modules/ ALL_PREBUILT+=$(mod_file) endif The operative piece of this makefile is the ALL_PREBUILT += $(mod_file) clause. If we place a #-sign in front of it, we can stop the build:
diff --git a/ b/
index ace527f..1a196c4 100644
--- a/
+++ b/
@@ -28,6 +28,6 @@ $(mod_file) :
 #      $(MAKE) ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-linux-gnueabi- -C $(ATH_LINUXPAT
        $(ACP) $(ATH_SRC)/os/linux/ar6000.ko $(TARGET_OUT)/lib/modules/
+# ALL_PREBUILT+=$(mod_file)
Taking the Atheros driver as an example, we can add an file to the Unigen driver and place it in external/rtl8712. user@host:~/myandroid$ mmm external/rtl8172 ============================================ PLATFORM_VERSION_CODENAME=REL PLATFORM_VERSION=2.2 TARGET_PRODUCT=imx51_bbg TARGET_BUILD_VARIANT=eng TARGET_SIMULATOR=false TARGET_BUILD_TYPE=release TARGET_BUILD_APPS= TARGET_ARCH=arm HOST_ARCH=x86 HOST_OS=linux HOST_BUILD_TYPE=release BUILD_ID=FRF85B ============================================ No private recovery resources for TARGET_DEVICE imx51_bbg make: Entering directory `/home/user/myandroid' make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-linux-gnueabi- TOPDIR=/home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172 KVER=2.6.31-00870-g8d80771 -C kernel_imx M=/home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172 modules make[1]: Entering directory `/home/user/myandroid/kernel_imx' cp: cannot stat `/home/user/myandroid/autoconf_rtl8712_usb_linux.h': No such file or directory CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/cmd/rtl871x_cmd.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/cmd/rtl8712_cmd.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/crypto/rtl871x_security.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/debug/rtl871x_debug.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/eeprom/rtl871x_eeprom.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/efuse/rtl8712_efuse.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/hal/rtl8712/hal_init.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/hal/rtl8712/usb_ops.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/hal/rtl8712/usb_ops_linux.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/hal/rtl8712/usb_halinit.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/io/rtl871x_io.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/io/rtl8712_io.o CC [M] /home/user/myandroid/external/rtl8172/ioctl/rtl871x_ioctl_query.o ... We can also copy the module to the Nitrogen board using adb: user@host:~/myandroid$ adb sync && adb shell 'sync && reboot' After all of this, we're pretty close. We can manually insmod the driver and see that the wlan0 device appears: ericn@ericsony:~$ adb shell # insmod /system/lib/modules/8712u.ko # lsmod 8712u 324012 0 - Live 0xbf000000 # ls /sys/class/net/ lo eth0 sit0 wlan0 # This brings us back to Freescale's file. We can now replace the Atheros references with their Unigen equivalents:
diff --git a/imx51_bbg/ b/imx51_bbg/
index d06a01a..d7f5872 100755
--- a/imx51_bbg/
+++ b/imx51_bbg/
@@ -10,9 +10,9 @@ BOARD_SOC_CLASS := IMX5X
-WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_PATH :=  "/system/lib/modules/ar6000.ko"
+WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_PATH :=  "/system/lib/modules/8712u.ko"
-WIFI_DRIVER_MODULE_NAME     := "ar6000"
And once again, we'll need to sync up with the device: user@host:~/myandroid$ adb sync && adb shell 'sync && reboot'